Ulnar Collateral Ligament

Trevor Page

Upon examining anatomical variations of the ulnar collateral ligament in cadavers, we noticed a previously undocumented extension to the transverse fiber bundle.  This led us to the study of anatomical variations of this fiber bundle in athletes, in order to understand its purpose and cause.  We have used ultrasound and MR imaging to evaluate the elbows of athletes.  We are currently scanning baseball players, particularly pitchers.  Soon we will advance to ultrasound and dissection of cadaveric specimens.

Shoulder Muscle Fiber Mapping

Tate Cowley

Our project involves mapping muscle fibers through different imaging techniques such as MicroScribe and MRI. Our unique methods allow us to track muscle fiber positions through the baseball pitching motion. We hope our research can help with injury prevention and treatment for rotator cuff injuries.

Maxillary Nerve Variability


The Maxillary Nerve Project has two major purposes. First, we compare the nerves in our head specimens to the commonly accepted anatomical atlases. Making this comparison helps us identify any undocumented variations that might exist in the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve. Second, we are compiling our data using a Rhino three-dimensional microscribing tool. This provides us with a digital model that can be used to more fully understand and teach the anatomy of the maxillary nerves. We hope this will become a useful tool for other students and researchers.

Heart Innervation


Using the Sihler's stain we visualized parasympathetic nerve densities in the heart, revealing nerves throughout the chambers, coronary vessels, and particularly within the valves. We then compared the affects of heart failure on those nerve densities. We are currently analyzing the relationship between the location and occurrence of cardiac pathology and the location and size/shape remodeling of nerve cell bodies in the stellate ganglia of the sympathetic nervous system. 

Periodontal Ligament Inflammation and Migranes


The purpose of this project is to investigate the relationship between radio-graphically enlarged periodontal ligaments and headaches/head pain caused by clenching through the analysis of dental and medical records of individuals who have contracted both symptoms. We hypothesize that there will be a statistically significant correlation between the specific pattern of enlarged Periodontal Ligaments (PDLs) and headache/head pain.